By Atom | Jun 29, 2023, 9:11 AM
Spatial reasoning is becoming an increasingly prevalent part of school entrance exams as it helps indicate a child’s potential, rather than showing that they have been ‘taught to the test’. However, if your child is taking an 11 plus non-verbal reasoning test, it is definitely possible – and wise – to practise spatial reasoning questions to avoid any unpleasant surprises in the exam.
Find out everything you need to know about 11 plus spatial reasoning questions and access free resources to help your child build confidence.
Spatial reasoning is a particular skill that falls within the larger category of non-verbal reasoning. While non-verbal reasoning involves the ability to interpret patterns and analyse different shapes, pictures and diagrams, spatial reasoning focuses specifically on the child’s ability to manipulate two- and three-dimensional shapes in their mind.
Spatial reasoning is a skill we all use in daily life through activities such as playing team sports, map reading, and drawing images and diagrams.
Spatial reasoning questions require pupils to manipulate and correctly identify a two- or three-dimensional component from a list of options in multiple-choice format.
Manipulating 3D shapes tends to be the section that most children find challenging, as these questions require a lot of cognitive power to successfully manipulate shapes and understand their complex features. Question types include:
Nets and cubes
Nets from 3D shapes
Rotating 3D shapes
3D shapes from above
Find the answers to each of the example spatial reasoning questions below at the bottom of this article.
In nets and cubes questions, children will be shown a 2D net. They will need to interpret patterns on the net and select the correct multiple-choice answer which shows what the net would look like when it is folded up into a cube.
Nets from 3D shapes questions are the inverse of nets and cubes questions. In nets from 3D shapes, children will see a 3D shape. They will be asked to choose the single correct answer that shows what net the shape would make when it is unfolded.
Questions on rotating 3D shapes require children to choose the image that is the correct rotation of a particular 3D shape from a list of possible matches.
In combining 3D shapes questions, children will have to select the group of blocks that can be combined to make a given 3D shape.
In questions on 3D shapes from above, children will need to choose the 2D plan that shows what a given 3D shape would look like if it was viewed from above.
Many grammar schools and 11 plus exam boards use spatial reasoning questions as part of their selection process. The questions may not be defined in a separate section in the actual exam, but instead incorporated within the non-verbal reasoning test.
Schools using GL Assessment to administer their 11 plus exams have the option to include the non-verbal reasoning test, which includes questions such as combining 3D shapes and 3D shapes from above.
If your child’s target school uses a CEM 11 plus test, they will almost certainly see spatial reasoning questions within the maths and non-verbal reasoning paper.
Selective independent schools are also starting to include spatial reasoning questions as part of their entrance exams. The ISEB Common Pre-Test has a 30-minute non-verbal reasoning section, which includes questions which require the child to manipulate 3D figures and diagrams to visualise them in a different way. The CAT4 test also includes a subject called ‘spatial ability’, which is split down into two further subtopics called ‘figure analysis’ and ‘figure recognition’.
Many children find spatial reasoning challenging as it is not taught on the primary national curriculum. The best way to build spatial reasoning skills is through regular practice at home.
While practice papers are a great way to refine exam technique, it’s important that your child understands the concept of each question type and the key techniques for answering it first. Once they have fully mastered the method and feel confident tackling different spatial reasoning questions, they should be ready to move on to practice papers to have a go at working under timed conditions.
Have a go at some more practice questions in this free sample question pack.
In this tutorial, Wing will teach you how to answer questions on nets and cubes. This is a common question type in spatial reasoning papers.
For more tutorials, take a look at the non-verbal reasoning playlist on the Atom Learning YouTube channel.
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Over 90,000 interactive questions in English, maths, verbal and non-verbal reasoning
Unlimited practice papers tailored to your child’s target schools – and all automatically marked
Hundreds of downloadable helpsheets and recorded lessons – just like the ones in this article
Ongoing parent webinars with the latest advice from Education Experts, supporting you through the admissions process
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Nets and cubes: C
Nets from 3D shapes: D
Rotating 3D shapes: A
Combining 3D shapes: E
3D shapes from above: D