Your 11 plus questions answered!
This page is here to answer your questions about grammar school entrance exams. Get advice and resources to help your child prepare for the 11 plus, apply, and secure a place at their secondary school of choice.
Visit the glossary for definitions of key terms relating to entrance exams and applications.
For most grammar schools, the 11+ results for 2023 will come out in mid-October (when your child is in Year 6). This can vary depending on your region and target school(s). Find the 11 plus results date for your area here.
For example, last year, the Kent Test results came out on 18th October, whereas Birmingham and CSSE results came out on 21st October.
Different consortiums and local authorities provide the 11 plus results in different ways. You should receive information about this process when you register your child for the 11 plus.
If you gave an email address when you registered your child, you may receive results by email. Some consortiums also have an online portal where you will be able to check results.
11 plus results may also be posted to you by first class mail, although this will take an extra day or two to arrive. Otherwise, your child's primary school may be able to inform you of their score from the day after results day.
After you get your child's 11 plus results, you will then have a couple of weeks to submit a Common Application Form (CAF) via your local authority website. The national deadline for CAFs is 31st October 2023. Find your local authority's admissions site at gov.uk.
On the CAF you can list between three and six state secondary schools in order of preference. By the time you fill this form in you should have received your child's 11 plus results, which will help you decide which schools to list.
You will find out whether your child has been allocated a place at their chosen school on National Offer Day, 1st March 2024.
The 11 plus is an entrance exam (usually taken in September of Year 6) for state-funded grammar schools and independent schools. There are over 160 grammar schools in England, as well as a number of other schools that use 11 plus examinations to select students for a Year 7 intake.
These exams aim to test your child's attainment in core subjects and identify their academic ability and potential. Learn more in the full 11 plus preparation guide.
GL Assessment (Granada Learning) is the leading provider of eleven plus exams for grammar schools in England. Learn more about GL 11 plus exams here.
Until recently, CEM was another major provider of grammar school entry exams. In late 2022, CEM announced they were switching to online exams and no longer providing standard 11 plus exams. As such, most grammar schools are switching to GL for the 2023–24 admissions season. If you're applying for your child to enter Year 7 in September 2024, they will likely be taking a GL exam.
A major provider for independent school entrance exams is ISEB. Learn all about ISEB Common Pre-Test here.
Independent schools and grammar schools will usually say on their website which exam provider they use. If this information isn't on the school website, it's worth checking their admission policy as this sometimes contains exam board information. Some schools also share familiarisation papers to give your child an idea of what to expect.
If you're not sure which exam your target school will be using this year, we can help – just drop us an email.
How to apply to UK state schools – click to download PDF version
The registration process for the 11 plus depends on your local area and the secondary schools you are applying to. Our local area guides will walk you through the application process for your area.
Many grammar schools form a consortium with other schools in the local area. This means that children only have to go through one application process to apply for all schools in the area.
Generally, you will need to register your child for the 11 plus exam either on your local consortium website, or on the individual websites of your target schools. Registration usually opens in the spring of Year 5, and stays open until the end of the summer term or the start of the autumn term. The exam is then sat in September of Year 6.
Always confirm registration deadlines with your target schools as dates can vary by school.
In some areas, children are automatically registered for the 11 plus exam if they attend a local authority primary school. This does not mean the exam is compulsory – it's up to you and your child if you want to apply to grammar school.
As well as registering to take the 11 plus test, you will also need to apply for a place at your target schools. To apply for a secondary school place in England and Wales, parents must apply through a Common Application Form (CAF). This is done through your local authority (council) website and requires you to list between three and six schools in order of preference. Find your local authority's admissions site on gov.uk.
It's up to you and your child. Schools generally suggest that children who are within the top 25% in their year group and who are 'working at Greater Depth' in the core subjects (seen in their school report) are good candidates for 11 plus entry.
No, the 11 plus is completely free. Some schools will hold a practice test which may incur a charge, but your child does not have to sit the practice test.
Your child will sit their exam in September of Year 6. Most of the exams take place in the first two weeks of September but this is not always the case, so it's best to check the dates with each individual school you're applying to.
Your child's exam papers will be marked by the exam board. Some types of paper are marked by computer. Your child's raw score will be converted into a Standardised Age Score (SAS), which allows for an equal comparison of all children taking the test. The SAS takes into consideration:
The age of your child in years and months
The difficulty of the paper
The differences between test papers
Your child's SAS is ranked against children of the same age in the country. The national average is around 100 and a high score ranges from 110-140.
Learn more about 11 plus scores and how they are calculated.
There isn’t a single 11 plus pass mark – it varies depending on the region and how many children take the exam that year. Selective schools tend to take the top 5-15% of children who sit the exam. In regions with more grammar schools such as Kent and Birmingham (and therefore more Year 7 places available), the pass rate might be lower than in areas with fewer grammar schools like Greater London.
We recommend that children aim for an SAS of at least 115 in 11 plus test papers on Atom Nucleus. Most selective schools have a pass mark of at least 110, and some as high as 124 and beyond. Find more information on your target school's website or in our school guides.
No, children cannot resit the 11 plus. However, if your child is applying to multiple grammar schools that do not belong to one consortium or local authority, they may have to sit several different exams.
Parents of children who do not gain an offer at their first choice of grammar school may wish to lodge an appeal. According to the Department for Education Appeals Code, parents have at least 20 school days to prepare an appeal.
We recommend you confirm the specific appeals process and deadline with your target school via their admissions team. Depending on your area, appeals may be heard by your local authority or the school itself.
When applying to a selective school, the sooner you start preparing the better. Your child will have the best chance of achieving a grammar school place if they have built their English and maths subject mastery and reasoning ability over a long period of time.
Starting early and slowly building up with long-term learning will help keep stress to a minimum, and ensure your child feels calm and confident in the exam. It's also a great way to instil habits for lifelong learning!
The four subjects assessed on 11 plus exams are:
The English and maths content reflects the Key Stage 2 national curriculum. For grammar school entrance this includes both Year 5 and Year 6 objectives, whereas independent school entrance exams are likely to cover only Year 5 objectives.
11 plus verbal reasoning tests your child’s ability to reason and solve problems with written information. Verbal reasoning assesses:
Reading fluency and comprehension
Logic and problem-solving
Ability to discover and apply rules
Attention to detail
An example verbal reasoning question:
Learn more about 11+ verbal reasoning.
Non-verbal reasoning is a form of visual problem-solving using shapes, diagrams and pictures rather than words.
The non-verbal reasoning section of the 11 plus will assess your child’s:
Logic and problem-solving
Ability to identify patterns and rules
An example non-verbal reasoning question:
Learn more about 11+ non-verbal reasoning.
You should aim for your child to spend 1.5–2 hours on exam revision each week. To maximise focus and retention of knowledge, study time should be broken down into 20–30 minutes a day. A good approach is to practise a different subject each day of the week.
Each child is unique and will have strengths in different subtopics. Your child needs a stable understanding of the whole curriculum before mastering the most challenging content, so resist the temptation to jump straight to their areas of difficulty.
Once your child has covered the breadth of the curriculum, you can identify the subtopics that need further revision and set custom practices to target those areas. Mock Tests are a great resource at this stage to help your child build confidence and hone their exam technique.
Accurate practice papers are a great way to improve exam technique and build confidence for test day.
GL Assessment publishes a limited number of familiarisation papers which you can print and mark yourself.
Atom Nucleus provides unlimited 11 plus exam papers that are tailored to your target schools. They're designed to mirror the format and style of real 11 plus questions, so your child will go into the exam knowing exactly what to expect. And what's more, everything is automatically marked and progress tracked for you.
Some children do score highly on the 11 plus exam without any support, but tutoring is very prevalent and children without support can be at a disadvantage. It is highly recommended that children who plan to sit the eleven plus have some form of academic support.
However, this does not have to be traditional in-person tutoring. On-demand, online adaptive learning can be a more convenient, cost-effective option, and can personalise and target learning more accurately than a private tutor.
Learn more about tuition for the 11 plus.
Atom Tuition starts from £30 per lesson with specialist tutors. Beyond Atom, the price for independent tuition can vary between £20 and £80 per hour, depending on the tutor's experience and location – while tutors in large cities often charge a premium.
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